> STACKED IMAGE VS. LONG EXPOSURE
Witch is better. Stack or long exposure? It depends…
Long exposure will reveal more details but stack will improve the contrast and faint details by decreasing the background noise. It also decrees the atmosphere turbulence winch as the noise has a random distribution (of course this is more obvious for short exposures)
Long exposure is also hard to shoot as you need guider setup. Also at my place there is a lot of wind, so this is a hard thing to do. Best is to estimate the limited exposure of the sky background and do a stack with that exposure. To estimate it look at the histogram the peak should be 1/3 away from the left.
Below is a comparison of Galaxy M33 between long shot – 80 seconds at ISO 51200 and stack of 20 frames by 30 sec. at ISO 12800.
The single frame is easier to process but stacked frame give us more signal to noise ratio. We can always add more and more signal by taking extra frames. You can use higher ISO and reduce the noise that way.
SKY is the limit :)
http://www.deepskywatch.com/deep-sky-hunter-atlas.html This is an amazing resource. Detailed atlas of all the sky with NGC and IC objects.
Reading a new product that claims to be 100x time more powerful then conventional telescope, I realise that this is just an astrograph with a digital camera that is doing stacked images and show them trought eyepiece or App.
I am so impressed with the K5 ability to quickly gather signal from nebulas (Quantum efficiency) and galaxies, so I decide to take one more K5 and to remove the IR-cut Filter of the old one.
Recently I got one very good lens the Asahi Takumar 135mm 1:2.5. This is fast telephoto lens and from my point of view a good lens should be with aperture from 1:1,2 to 1:2,8.
Moon at 45% illumination and 70x magnification. With aperture of 200mm,14,1 stops dynamic range, color depth of 23.7 bits at this image there are slight color variation on the moon surface that reveals it’s structure.